As students in high school, we learned how to write by following simple rules such as the 5 paragraph essay, basic sentences and paragraphs, and words that convey a sense of immediacy. However, there is another set of expectations for academic writing. The key here is clarity—you want your reader to understand what you are trying to say. When writing in an academic style, you need to be succinct and use only the words necessary to communicate your thoughts effectively.
Academic writing differs from other writing by being internally and externally structured (structured to help the reader understand information) and complete, relevant, well- communicated, unbiased, economical, owned by you and fully referenced.
What is academic writing?
Be concrete and unambiguous
It is essential
to be concise and find ways to communicate clearly without long, convoluted
sentences. Avoid using unfamiliar phrases or complicated expressions that are
not your own to sound 'academic'. Avoid repeating informing. For example, "Academic
integrity is necessary and crucial..."
is repetitive because "necessary" and "crucial"
means the same thing.
Learn about word choice/wordiness and read our Academia Word Choice Guide.
Be credible and authoritative
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